Common poultry Diseases & Medication

Free Range Chicken Farming In Pakistan



 

RED Farms engages itself in continuous support for small scale & commercial level farmers to boost healthy and free-range farming in Pakistan .

Poultry Diseases & thier Cure

Common Diseases in hens & their solution



 

Diseases & Medication

1. TYPHOID FEVER

Symptoms

Causes

Treatment

Precautions

  • If typhoid continues, the bird becomes lethargic.

 

  • White watery droppings begin.

 

  • Chicken was not vaccinated with Ghamburo / Rani.

 

  • Wet bedding (bichali).
  • In case of leaving any sick bird with healthy birds.

 

  • Using the wrong medication.
  • First use medicine for normal fever (Penadol / Bruffon) or any fever medicine.

 

  • Furazolidone can be given by mixing one capsule in 5kg feed and giving one time in one day.
  • Mix furaltadone powder in water in the evening.
  • Make vaccines mandatory.

 

  • Keep the environment clean.
  • Do not let the bedding become wet due to water wastage or droppings.    

 

 

 

2. CORYZA

Symptoms

Causes

Treatment

Precautions

  • Facial swelling for instance, eyelid, wattles and comb.
  • Comb turns to pale color.
  • Smelly and thick discharge from eyes.
  •  Bubbles at corners of eye.
  • Open mouth breathing.
  • Decrease in egg production.
  • Decreased appetite and drinking.

 

  • Introduction of infected bird in the flock.
  • Contaminated feeders & drinkers.
  • Breathing polluted air.
  • Antibiotics can be used to treat the flock or bird.
  • Use Erythromycin and oxytetracycline.

 

  • Use of the combination of sulfonamides, sulfonamide-trimethoprim can be effective.

 

  • Good management, rigorous sanitation, and a biosecurity plan are the best ways to avoid coryza.

 

 

3. COCCI

Symptoms

Causes

Treatment

Precautions

  • Blood discharge in droppings.
  • Feebleness, messy feathers and skin turning to pale.
  • Blood located at the vent site of the bird.
  • Decrease of thirst & appetite.
  • Reduction in growth rate.

 

  • Poor egg laying.
  • Unhygienic conditions of coop or shed.

 

  • Add Amprolium to the water.

 

  • Add probiotic supplements in water as a precautionary measure.
  • Keep a strict plan of bio-security and hygiene.

 

  • Do not visit different farms with same clothes, shoes or equipment.
  • Keep a separate pair of shoes and dress for visiting the same coop or shed.

 

  • Construct your coop or shed away from the other farm.

 

 

4. GHUMBORO

Symptoms

Causes

Treatment

Precautions

Mortality.

 

  • Dehydration.
  • Messy feathers.

 

  • Vent pecking.
  • Wobbling.

 

  • Chicken was not vaccinated with Ghamburo / Rani.

 

  • Bedding (bachali) stayed wet.
  • In case of leaving any sick bird with healthy birds.

 

  • Using the wrong drugs.
  • In case of persistent fever.
  • Ingestion of toxic material.
  • Give vitamins and electrolytes.

 

  • Give probiotics.

 

  • Keep the shed and its surroundings clean.

 

  • Maintain the temperature of coop or shed.

 

 

5. DIARRHEA

Symptoms

Causes

Treatment

Precautions

  • Appearance of warts and scabs on comb.

 

  • Runny & greasy drooping.
  • Depression.
  • Poor growth.

 

  • Yellow bumps around the mouth.
  • Chickens bitten by mosquitoes.

 

  • Introducing an infected or sick bird.
  • Use tetracycline antibiotic in water.

 

  • Terramycin with water and vitamin supplement.
  • Treat scabs with dilute iodine solution.

 

  • Sanitize drinking water.
  • Control mosquitoes.

 

  • Good management of biosecurity.

 

 

 

6. Infectious Bronchitis (IB):

Symptoms

Causes

Treatment

Precautions

  • Gasping, coughing, sneezing, and nasal discharge.

 

  • Breathe noise.
  • Depression.

 

  • Watery diarrhea, ruffled feathers, and dehydration.
  • Non administration of vaccination
  • Administrate antibiotics.
  • Vaccine on time.

 

  • Maintain temperature and humidity.
  • Well defined bio security plan.

 

 

 

7. Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD):

Symptoms

Causes

Treatment

Precautions

  • Sneezing, coughing, and difficult breathing.

 

  • Running eyes and nostrils.
  • Swelling around the eyes and/or beak.
  • Decrease of appetite.
  • Laziness.
  • Bacterial disease.
  • Administrate the combination of antibiotics such as doxycycline hydrochloride and tylosine tartrate into the drinking water for 7 days.

 

  • Apply an appropriate eye cream to those birds with eye symptoms for 2 days.
  • Administrate these antiobiotics (tylosin,  aureomycin,  gallimycin,  terramycin) through injection or feed.
  • Keep a better management in terms of hygiene and feed.

 

  • Vaccinate birds timely.